Swelling of the feet is becoming a major problem nowadays. Edema, commonly called ‘inflammation’, is caused by abnormally fluid accumulation in some tissues of the body. This fluid may also collect in the lower part of the skin. It is usually in the legs. Swelling of the feet, called pedal edema, is a common problem. Although it often does not cause pain, it can be painful at times and can interfere with daily activities. Symptoms of inflammation
- Swollen, taut and shiny skin
- If after pressing the skin with the finger, there is a pit for a few seconds
- -Blacking of clumps, face and eyes
- Body pain and joint stiffness
- Weight gain or increase
- Hand and neck veins arising
- Rapid pulse and increased blood pressure
- stomach ache
Due to inflammation
Heart failure: People who have a weak heart are unable to effectively pump blood throughout the body. As a result, fluid from the blood vessels begins to flow out into the tissues under the skin, resulting in swelling of the legs.
Decreased protein levels in the blood:
People who have low levels of protein in the blood may have swelling problems in their legs. There is a protein called albumin in the blood, which helps to keep the blood vessels fluid inside. If the amount of albumin is less than the blood vessels begin to leak and the feet swell.
Liver and kidney diseases: People who are suffering from kidney or kidney disease often have low levels of albumin (a type of protein) in their blood. This is because the liver cannot make enough amount of albumin and on the other hand the kidneys exclude albumin by mixing albumin in urine.
Medications: Certain types of medications such as anti-hypertensive drugs (anti-hypertension), pain relieving drugs such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and steroid medications can cause swelling in the feet.
Remove swelling of feet
To move: Move the part of the body that is swollen, such as legs. By doing this, the blood stored in them starts going back to the heart and this helps in swelling.
Keep the affected area at a height: Keep the affected area at a height slightly above the level of the heart at some time of the day. Also, in some cases, it is very helpful to keep the affected part at a height from the heart while sleeping.
Massage or massage: In this, the affected area has to be stroked in the movement of blood going towards the heart, but it should be relaxed rather than with much pressure. With this help, it helps to remove the accumulated liquid from that place.
Pressurizing: Wear nudes, socks, gloves or sleeves etc. to keep the organ under pressure. Because wearing them usually helps to reduce inflammation and they prevent inflammation from progressing further. In addition, they prevent fluid from collecting in the affected skin tissue.
Reduce salt intake: Salt increases the speed of fluid mobilization and increases inflammation.
Exercising regularly: Walking and physical exercise improves muscle pump function and makes leg muscles strong. Edema patients are advised to keep their body weight on the feet, ankles, and fingers evenly during the standing position.
Lose weight: To reduce body weight, the legs reduce body pressure, which also reduces problems like swelling.
Try not to sit or stand for long. Protect legs from high temperatures, such as bathing in very hot water.
- Do not consume junk food and preservatives.
- Eat a balanced and digestible diet, include fiber-rich foods in your diet like- apple, pear, banana, carrot, beet, broccoli, sprouted grains, pulses in moong, peas, beans, gram, barley, almonds, chia seeds e.t.c.